Victim Identification


Recognizing Victims of Human Trafficking in the Pediatric Emergency Department.” Becker, HJ, Bechtel, K. Pediatric Emergency Care, 31 (2): 144-147. February, 2015.


The Health Consequences of Sex Trafficking and Their Implications for Identifying Victims in Healthcare Facilities.” Lederer, L., Wetzel, C. A. Annals of Health Law. 2014: 23(1): 61-91.


Combating Slavery in the 21st Century: The Role of Emergency Medicine.” Chisolm-Straker, M, Richardson, LD, Cossio T. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 2012; 23: 980 – 987.

Identifying domestic and international sex-trafficking victims during human service provision.” Macy RJ, Graham LM. Trauma Violence Abuse. 2012 Apr;13(2):59-76.

Red flags: identifying sex trafficking victims in the ED.” Munoz J. Emergency Physicians Monthly 2012.


Identification of human trafficking victims in health care settings.” Baldwin SB, Eisenman DP, Sayles JN, Chuang K, Ryan G. Health and Human Rights, 13:1-8; 2011.

2010 and earlier:

Human Trafficking: The Role of the Health Care Provider.” Dovydaitis T. Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health. 2010;55(5):462-467.

Human Trafficking in the Emergency Department.” Patel RB, Ahn R, Burke TF. Western Journal Emergency Medicine. 2010;11(5):402-404.

Human trafficking and the health care professional.” Barrows J. Southern Medicine Journal, 2008, May;101(5):521-4

Migration, sexual exploitation, and women’s health: a case report from a community health center.” Miller E, Decker MR, Silverman JG, Raj A. Violence Against Women. 2007 May; 13(5):486-97.