The HEAL Subcommittee on Simulation Education promotes the inclusion of simulation as a tool for teaching healthcare practitioners to identify, treat, and refer victims of human trafficking. The subcommittee recommends aligning all simulation activities with best practices as defined by professional societies like the Association for Standardized Patient Educators (ASPE).1
Standardized/simulated patient (SP)-based simulation allows learners to practice in a safe and supported environment with structured feedback on performance. SPs are carefully trained individuals who may portray patients, caregivers, health care professionals or other individuals in a simulation scenario.
The Subcommittee on Simulation Education is designing a protocol for the development of SP cases portraying victims/survivors of HT. The protocol merges a survivor-informed framework, principles of trauma-informed care, HEAL Education Committee’s Introductory Training on Human Trafficking for U.S. Health Care Professionals: Essential Content2, and ASPE’s Standards of Best Practice.
Stephanie Armstrong: Assistant Professor, Medical University of South Carolina, College of Nursing
Susana Barroso-Fernandez: Assistant Professor of Clinical at the University of Miami School of Nursing and Health Studies,
Carrie Bohnert: Director, Standardized Patient Program at the University of Louisville School of Medicine,
Panagiota Caralis: Integrated Ethics Program Officer for the Miami VHS and Women Veterans Health Medical Director,
Jordan Greenbaum: Medical Director, International Centre for Missing and Exploited Children, Staff physician, SVB Center for Safe and Healthy Children, Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta,
Blaine Menon: University of Miami Miller School of Medicine,
Olivia Mittel: Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Associate Dean for Student Affairs, University of Louisville School of Medicine,
Cate Nicholas: Director of Simulation Education and Operations and Director of the Standardized Patient Program at the Clinical Simulation Laboratory at the University of Vermont,
Hanni Stoklosa: Executive Director of HEAL Trafficking, an emergency physician at Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) with appointments at Harvard Medical School and the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative.
1. Lewis KL, Bohnert CA, Gammon WL, Hölzer H, Lyman L, Smith C, Thompson TM, Wallace A, Gliva-McConvey G. The association of standardized patient educators (ASPE) standards of best practice (SOBP). Advances in Simulation. 2017 Dec; 2(1):10.
3. Stoklosa H, Lyman M, Bohnert C, Mittel O. Medical education and human trafficking: using simulation. Med Educ Online. 2017; 22(1):1412746.