Because human trafficking is a public health issue
Literature on the health care needs of trafficking victims, tools for identifying trafficked persons, and the role of physicians in fighting trafficking continues to grow. Here, we gather up-to-date peer-reviewed literature from Pub Med and highlight articles that have advanced anti-trafficking efforts among health professionals. For more resources, please navigate to our Research Committee page.
Also, RSS feeds from PubMed are available here, which includes up-to-date lists of medical literature from the PubMed library on trafficking.
Sue Lockyer & Christopher J. Koenig (2020): At the Intersection of Method and empowerment: Reflections from a Pilot Photovoice Study with Survivors of Human Trafficking, Journal of Human Trafficking, DOI: 10.1080/23322705.2020.1809300
Koegler E, Howland W, Gibbons P, Teti M, Stoklosa H. “When Her Visa Expired, the Family Refused to Renew It,” Intersections of Human Trafficking and Domestic Violence: Qualitative Document Analysis of Case Examples from a Major Midwest City. Journal of
Chang, M. D., Kimberly, S. G., Yusufzai, H., & Marjavi, A. (2020). Medical-Legal Collaboration and Community Partnerships: Prioritizing Prevention of Human Trafficking in Federally Qualified Health Centers. Georgia State University Law Review, 36(4), 1075.
Mishori, R., Stolarz, K., Ravi, A., Korostyshevskiy, V. R., Chambers, R., & Cronholm, P. (2020). Assessing Family Medicine Residency Programs’ Training on Human Trafficking: A National Survey of Program Directors. Journal of Human Trafficking, 1-13.
Wood, L. C. (2020). Child modern slavery, trafficking and health: a practical review of factors contributing to children’s vulnerability and the potential impacts of severe exploitation on health. BMJ Paediatrics Open, 4(1).
Kelly, M. A., Bath, E. P., Godoy, S. M., Abrams, L. S., & Barnert, E. S. (2019). Understanding commercially sexually exploited youths’ facilitators and barriers toward contraceptive use: I didn’t really have a choice. Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology, 32(3), 316-324.
Einbond, J., Diaz, A., Cossette, A., Scriven, R., Blaustein, S., & Arden, M. R. (2020). Human trafficking in adolescents: adopting a youth-centered approach to identification and services. Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice, 47(2), 307-319.
Richie-Zavaleta, A. C., Baranik, S., Mersch, S., Ataiants, J., & Rhodes, S. M. (2020). From Victimization to Restoration: Multi-Disciplinary Collaborative Approaches to Care and Support Victims and Survivors of Human Trafficking. Journal of Human Trafficking, 1-17.
Rose, A. L., Howard, L. M., Zimmerman, C., & Oram, S. (2020). A Cross-sectional Comparison of the Mental Health of People Trafficked to the UK for Domestic Servitude, for Sexual Exploitation and for Labor Exploitation. Journal of Human Trafficking, 1-10.
Gerassi, L. B., Colegrove, A., & McPherson, D. K. (2019). Addressing race, racism, and commercial sexual exploitation in practice through an action-based research partnership. Action research, 17(2), 220-236.
Segebrecht, J. W. (2017). Identifying and Addressing the Healthcare Needs of Women Survivors of Sex Trafficking: A Qualitative Analysis of the Barriers and Facilitators to Self-Efficacy for Primary Care Providers. Emory Theses and Dissertations. doi: http://localhost/files/4b29b695s
Tiller, J., & Reynolds, S. (2020). Human Trafficking in the Emergency Department: Improving Our Response to a Vulnerable Population. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine: Integrating Emergency Care with Population Health.
Bounds, D. T., Otwell, C. H., Melendez, A., Karnik, N. S., & Julion, W. A. (2020). Adapting a family intervention to reduce risk factors for sexual exploitation. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 14(1), 1-12.
De Vries, I., Kafafian, M., Goggin, K., Bouchard, E., Goldfarb, S., & Farrell, A. (2019). Enhancing the identification of commercial sexual exploitation among a population of high-risk youths using predictive regularization models. Child maltreatment, 1077559519889178.
Stoklosa, H., Kunzler, N., Ma, Z. B., Luna, J. C. J., de Vedia, G. M., & Erickson, T. B. (2020). Pesticide Exposure and Heat Exhaustion in a Migrant Agricultural Worker: A Case of Labor Trafficking. Annals of Emergency Medicine.
Godoy, S. M., Abrams, L. S., Barnert, E. S., Kelly, M. A., & Bath, E. P. (2020). Fierce autonomy: how girls and young women impacted by commercial sexual exploitation perceive health and exercise agency in health care decision-making. Qualitative health research,
Peck, J. L. (2020). Human trafficking of children: nurse practitioner knowledge, beliefs, and experience supporting the development of a practice guideline: part two. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 34(2), 177-190.
Ades, V., Wu, S. X., Rabinowitz, E., Bach, S. C., Goddard, B., Ayala, S. P., & Greene, J. (2019). An integrated, trauma-informed care model for female survivors of sexual violence: the engage, motivate, protect, organize, self-worth, educate, respect (empower) clinic. Obstetrics
Kinnish, K., McCarty, C., Tiwari, A., Osborne, M., Glasheen, T., Franchot, K. K., … & Self-Brown, S. (2020). Featured counter-trafficking program: Project intersect. Child Abuse & Neglect, 100, 104132.
Landers, M., Johnson, M. H., Armstrong, M. I., McGrath, K., & Dollard, N. (2020). Exploring relationships as mediators of treatment outcomes among commercially sexually exploited youth. Child abuse & neglect, 100, 104095.
Kappel, R., Lemke, M., Tuchman, L. K., & Deye, K. (2020). Featured counter-trafficking program: The CAREs clinic, a primary care medical home for commercially exploited youth. Child abuse & neglect, 100, 104124.
Maryland’s Human Trafficking Task Force, The Maryland Hospital Association, & University of Maryland SAFE Center For Human Trafficking Survivors. (2020). Human Trafficking Prevention. Retrieved from https://www.mhaonline.org/transforming-health-care/workforce/human-trafficking-prevention
Gonzalez-Pons, K. M., Gezinski, L., Morzenti, H., Hendrix, E., & Graves, S. (2020). Exploring the relationship between domestic minor sex trafficking myths, victim identification, and service provision. Child abuse & neglect, 100, 104093.
Alessi, E. J., Greenfield, B., Manning, D., & Dank, M. (2020). Victimization and resilience among sexual and gender minority homeless youth engaging in survival sex. Journal of interpersonal violence, 0886260519898434.
House Committee on Rules. (2019, December 10). Solving an Epidemic: Addressing human trafficking around major events like the Super Bowl and the need for cross-jurisdictional solutions. Retrieved January 22, 2020, from https://rules.house.gov/hearing/solving-epidemic-addressing-human-trafficking-around-major-events-super-bowl-and-need-cross
Chisolm‐Straker, M., Singer, E., Rothman, E. F., Clesca, C., Strong, D., Loo, G. T., … & Richardson, L. D. (2019). Building RAFT: trafficking screening tool derivation and validation methods. Academic emergency medicine.
Rothman, E. F., Preis, S. R., Bright, K., Paruk, J., Bair-Merritt, M., & Farrell, A. (2019). A longitudinal evaluation of a survivor-mentor program for child survivors of sex trafficking in the United States. Child abuse & neglect, 104083.
Rothman, E. F., Farrell, A., Paruk, J., Bright, K., Bair-Merritt, M., & Preis, S. R. (2019). Evaluation of a Multi-Session Group Designed to Prevent Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Minors: The “My Life My Choice” Curriculum. Journal of interpersonal violence, 0886260519865972.
Albright, K., Greenbaum, J., Edwards, S. A., & Tsai, C. (2019). Systematic review of facilitators of, barriers to, and recommendations for healthcare services for child survivors of human trafficking globally. Child Abuse & Neglect, 104289.
Dols, J. D., Beckmann-Mendez, D., McDow, J., Walker, K., & Moon, M. D. (2019). Human trafficking victim identification, assessment, and intervention strategies in South Texas emergency departments. Journal of emergency nursing, 45(6), 622-633.
Busch, N. B., Fong, R., & Williamson, J. (2004). Human trafficking and domestic violence: Comparisons in research methodology needs and strategies. Journal of Social Work Research and Evaluation, 5(2), 137-147.
Cockbain, E., Bowers, K., & Dimitrova, G. (2018). Human trafficking for labour exploitation: the results of a two-phase systematic review mapping the European evidence base and synthesising key scientific research evidence. Journal of experimental criminology, 14(3), 319-360.
Kovacic, D. (2018). Using the Content Validity Index to Determine Content Validity of an Instrument Assessing Health Care Providers’ General Knowledge of Human Trafficking. Journal of human trafficking, 4(4), 327-335.
Rafferty, Y. (2019). The Identification, Recovery, and Reintegration of Victims of Child Trafficking within ASEAN: An Exploratory Study of Knowledge Gaps and Emerging Challenges. Journal of Human Trafficking, 1-23.
Price, K., Nelson, B. D., & Macias-Konstantopoulos, W. L. (2019). Understanding health care access disparities among human trafficking survivors: profiles of health care experiences, access, and engagement. Journal of interpersonal violence, 0886260519889934.
Most research on human trafficking is conducted within large urban communities. Yet in the United States, 75 per cent of counties are classified as rural, with one quarter of Americans living in communities with populations lower than 2,500. There is
Laser-Maira, J. A., Peach, D. M., & Hounmenou, C. E. (2019). Moving towards self-actualization: a trauma-informed and needs-focused approach to the mental health needs of survivors of commercial child sexual exploitation. International Journal of Social Work, 6(2), 27.
Lanctôt, N., Reid, J. A., & Laurier, C. (2019). Nightmares and flashbacks: the impact of commercial sexual exploitation of children among female adolescents placed in residential care. Child abuse & neglect, 104195.
Nodzenski, M., Kiss, L., Pocock, N. S., Stoeckl, H., Zimmerman, C., & Buller, A. M. (2019). Post-trafficking stressors: The influence of hopes, fears and expectations on the mental health of young trafficking survivors in the Greater Mekong Sub-region. Child abuse
Kenny, M. C., Helpingstine, C., Long, H., & Harrington, M. C. (2019). Assessment of commercially sexually exploited girls upon entry to treatment: Confirmed vs. at risk victims. Child Abuse & Neglect, 104040.
Palines, P. A., Rabbitt, A. L., Pan, A. Y., Nugent, M. L., & Ehrman, W. G. (2019). Comparing mental health disorders among sex trafficked children and three groups of youth at high-risk for trafficking: a dual retrospective cohort and scoping
Around the world, public health officials monitor the incidence and recurrence of diseases and other conditions impacting health by using a global classification and coding system, the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). This system provides an internationally unified method of
Miller, C. L., Chisolm-Straker, M., Duke, G., & Stoklosa, H. (2019). A Framework for the Development of Healthcare Provider Education Programs on Human Trafficking Part Three: Recommendations. Journal of Human Trafficking, 1-10.
Barnert, E., Kelly, M., Godoy, S., Abrams, L. S., & Bath, E. (2019). Behavioral health treatment “Buy-in” among adolescent females with histories of commercial sexual exploitation. Child abuse & neglect, 104042.
Chisolm-Straker, M., Miller, C. L., Duke, G., & Stoklosa, H. (2019). A Framework for the Development of Healthcare Provider Education Programs on Human Trafficking Part Two: Survivors. Journal of Human Trafficking, 1-15.
Kevin Bales, Laura T. Murphy & Bernard W. Silverman (2019): How many trafficked people are there in Greater New Orleans? lessons in measurement, Journal of HumanTrafficking, DOI: 10.1080/23322705.2019.1634936
Makini Chisolm-Straker, Cathy L. Miller, Gloria Duke & Hanni Stoklosa (2019): A Framework for the Development of Healthcare Provider EducationPrograms on Human Trafficking Part Two: Survivors, Journal of Human Trafficking, DOI: 10.1080/23322705.2019.1635333
Using Survivors‘ Voices to Guide the Identification and Care of Trafficked Persons by U.S. Health Care Professionals, Armstrong, Stephanie. Greenbaum, V. Jordan. Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal. 2019.
Chambers, R. (2019). Caring for human trafficking victims: A description and rationale for the Medical Safe Haven model in family medicine residency clinics. The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 0091217419860358.
Michelle Munro-Kramer, Dana Beck, Kristen Choi, Rebecca Singer, Annemarie Gebhard & Bridgette Carr To cite this article: Michelle Munro-Kramer, Dana Beck, Kristen Choi, Rebecca Singer, Annemarie Gebhard & Bridgette Carr (2019): Human Trafficking Victim’s Service Needs and Outcomes: An Analysis of Clinical LawData, Journal of Human Trafficking, DOI: 10.1080/23322705.2019.1574476
Hynes, P., Burland, P., Thurnham, A., Dew, J., Gani-Yusuf, L., Lenja, V….Gaxha, A. (2019). ‘Between Two Fires’: Understanding Vulnerabilities and the Support Needs of People from Albania, Viet Nam and Nigeria who have experienced Human Trafficking into the UK. University
Corinne Schwarz, Chong Xing, Ryan Daugherty, Sierra Watt & Hannah E. Britton (2018): Frontline Workers’ Perceptions of Human Trafficking: Warning Signs and Risks in the Midwest, Journal of Human Trafficking, DOI: 10.1080/23322705.2018.1562316
Hanni Stoklosa, Cathy L. Miller, Gloria Duke & Makini Chisolm-Straker (2019): A Framework for the Development of Healthcare Provider Education Programs on Human Trafficking Part One: Experts, Journal of Human Trafficking, DOI: 10.1080/23322705.2019.1584724
Arduizur Carli Richie-Zavaleta, Augusta Villanueva, Ana Martinez-Donate, Renee M. Turchi, Janna Ataiants & Shea M. Rhodes (2019): Sex Trafficking Victims at Their Junction with the Healthcare Setting—A Mixed-Methods Inquiry, Journal of Human Trafficking, DOI: 10.1080/23322705.2018.1501257
Gibbs, D. A., Aboul-Hosn, S., & Kluckman, M. N. (2019). Child Labor Trafficking within The US: A First Look at Allegations Investigated by Florida’s Child Welfare Agency. Journal of Human Trafficking, 1-15.
Armstrong, S., Greenbaum, V. J., López, C., & Barroso, J. (2019). Preparedness to Identify and Care for Trafficked Persons in South Carolina Hospitals: A State-Wide Exploration. Journal of Human Trafficking, 1-28.
Arun Kumar Acharya (2019): Prevalence of violence against indigenous women victims of human trafficking and its implications on physical injuries and disabilities in Monterrey city, Mexico, Health Care for Women International, DOI: 10.1080/07399332.2018.1564612
Barnert, E., Kelly, M., Godoy, S., Abrams, L. S., Rasch, M., & Bath, E. (2019). Understanding Commercially Sexually Exploited Young Women’s Access to, Utilization of, and Engagement in Health Care:“Work Around What I Need”. Women’s Health Issues.
Fraley, H. E., Aronowitz, T., & Stoklosa, H. M. (2019). Systematic Review of Human Trafficking Educational Interventions for Health Care Providers. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 0193945919837366.
Menon, B., Van Dommelen, K., Awerbuch, A., Caddell, L., Roberts, K., Stoklosa, H., & Potter, J. (2018). Informing human trafficking clinical care through two systematic reviews on sexual assault and intimate partner violence. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 1524838018809729.
Kiss L, Zimmerman C (2019) Human trafficking and labor exploitation: Toward identifying, implementing, and evaluating effective responses. PLoS Med 16(1): e1002740. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002740
Graham, L. M., Macy, R. J., Eckhardt, A., Rizo, C. F., & Jordan, B. L. (2019). Measures for evaluating sex trafficking aftercare and support services: A systematic review and resource compilation. Aggression and Violent Behavior.
Segebrecht, Jane. (2017). Identifying and Addressing the Healthcare Needs of Women Survivors of Sex Trafficking: A Qualitative Analysis of the Barriers and Facilitators to Self-Efficacy for Primary Care Providers (Master’s Thesis). Retrieved from https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/4b29b695s?locale=en
Arulrajah, P., & Steele, S. (2018). UK medical education on human trafficking: assessing uptake of the opportunity to shape awareness, safeguarding and referral in the curriculum. BMC medical education, 18(1), 137.
Latzman, N. E., Gibbs, D. A., Feinberg, R., Kluckman, M. N., & Aboul-Hosn, S. (2019). Human trafficking victimization among youth who run away from foster care. Children and Youth Services Review, 98, 113-124.
Katsanis SH, Huang E, Young A, Grant V, Warner E, Larson S, et al. (2019) Caring for trafficked and unidentified patients in the EHR shadows: Shining a light by sharing the data. PLoS ONE 14(3): e0213766.
Mostajabian, S., Santa Maria, D., Wiemann, C., Newlin, E., & Bocchini, C. (2019). Identifying sexual and labor exploitation among sheltered youth experiencing homelessness: a comparison of screening methods. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(3), 363.
Teresita Rocha Jiménez, Marissa Salazar, Sabrina C. Boyce, Kimberly C. Brouwer, Hugo Staines Orozco & Jay G. Silverman (2018): “We Were Isolated and We Had to Do Whatever They Said”: Violence and Coercion to Keep Adolescents Girls from Leaving the
Corbett, A. (2018). The voices of survivors: An exploration of the contributing factors that assisted with exiting from commercial sexual exploitation in childhood. Children and youth services review, 85, 91-98.
Hickle, K., & Roe-Sepowitz, D. (2018). Adversity and intervention needs among girls in residential care with experiences of commercial sexual exploitation. Children and Youth Services Review, 93, 17-23.
Tammy Schultz, Sally Schwer Canning & Elisha Eveleigh (2018): Posttraumatic Stress, Posttraumatic Growth, and Religious Coping in Individuals Exiting Sex Trafficking, Journal of Human Trafficking, DOI: 10.1080/23322705.2018.1522924
Iglesias-Rios, L., Harlow, S. D., Burgard, S. A., Kiss, L., & Zimmerman, C (2018). Mental health, violence and psychological coercion among female andmale trafficking survivors in the greater Mekong sub–region: a cross–sectional study. BMC Psychology, 6(1), 56.
George, J. S., Malik, S., Symes, S., Caralis, P., Newport, D. J., Godur, A., … & Potter, J. E. (2018). Trafficking Healthcare Resources and Intra-disciplinary Victim Services and Education (THRIVE) Clinic: A Multidisciplinary One-stop Shop Model of Healthcare for Survivors of Human Trafficking. Journal of Human Trafficking, 1-11.
Cole, M., Daniel, M., Chisolm‐Straker, M., Macias‐Konstantopoulos, W., Alter, H., & Stoklosa, H. A Theory Based Didactic Offering Physicians a Method for Learning and Teaching Others About Human Trafficking. AEM Education and Training.
Basson, D., Langs, J., Acker, K., Katz, S., Desai, N., & Ford, J. (2018). Psychotherapy for Commercially Sexually Exploited Children: A Guide for Community-Based Behavioral Health Practitioners and Agencies. Oakland, CA: WestCoast Children’s Clinic.
White Paper: Preventing Human Trafficking Using Data-driven, Community-based Strategies, an outcome of the Congressional Briefing, “Preventing Human Trafficking: Research on How to Stop Trafficking Before It Starts” November 2, 2017. Raising awareness alone is not sufficient to prevent human trafficking. Coordinated, community-based
Examining Commonly Reported Sex Trafficking Indicators From Practitioners’ Perspectives: Findings From a Pilot Study Lara B. Gerassi, PhD, LCSW, Andrea J. Nichols, PhD, Ashley Cox, MA, Kei K. Goldberg, Cliff Tang.
Deckert, J. C., Warren, S., & Britton, H. (2018). Midwestern Service Provider Narratives of Migrant Experiences: Legibility, Vulnerability, and Exploitation in Human Trafficking. Advances in Social Work, 18(3), 887-910.
Le, P. D., Ryan, N., Rosenstock, Y., & Goldmann, E. (2018). Health issues associated with commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of children in the United States: a systematic review. Behavioral medicine, 44(3), 219-233.
Gerassi, L. B. (2017). Barriers to accessing detox facilities, substance use treatment, and residential services among women impacted by commercial sexual exploitation & trafficking. Behavioral medicine.
Cook, M. C., Barnert, E., Ijadi-Maghsoodi, R., Ports, K., & Bath, E. (2018). Exploring mental health and substance use treatment needs of commercially sexually exploited youth participating in a specialty juvenile court. Behavioral Medicine, (just-accepted), 00-00.
Okech, D., Hansen, N., Howard, W., Anarfi, J. K., & Burns, A. C. (2018). Social support, dysfunctional coping, and community reintegration as predictors of PTSD among human trafficking survivors. Behavioral medicine, 44(3), 209-218.
Pocock, N. S., Nguyen, L. H., Lucero-Prisno III, D. E., Zimmerman, C., & Oram, S. (2018). Occupational, physical, sexual and mental health and violence among migrant and trafficked commercial fishers and seafarers from the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS): systematic review. Global
Greenbaum, V. J., Titchen, K., Walker-Descartes, I., Feifer, A., Rood, C. J., & Fong, H. F. (2018). Multi-level prevention of human trafficking: the role of health care professionals. Preventive medicine.
Stanford, K., Cappetta, A., Ahn, R., & Macias-Konstantopoulos, W. (2018). Sex and labor trafficking in Paraguay: risk factors, needs assessment, and the role of the health care system. Journal of interpersonal violence, 0886260518788364.
Bick, D., Howard, L. M., Oram, S., & Zimmerman, C. (2017). Maternity care for trafficked women: Survivor experiences and clinicians’ perspectives in the United Kingdom’s National Health Service. PLoS one, 12(11), e0187856.
Ottisova, L., Smith, P., Shetty, H., Stahl, D., Downs, J., & Oram, S. (2018). Psychological consequences of child trafficking: An historical cohort study of trafficked children in contact with secondary mental health services. PLoS one, 13(3), e0192321.
Pocock, N. S., Tadee, R., Tharawan, K., Rongrongmuang, W., Dickson, B., Suos, S., … & Zimmerman, C. (2018). “Because if we talk about health issues first, it is easier to talk about human trafficking”; findings from a mixed methods study
Gordon, M., Salami, T., Coverdale, J., & Nguyen, P. T. (2018). Psychiatry’s Role in the Management of Human Trafficking Victims: An Integrated Care Approach. Journal of Psychiatric Practice®, 24(2), 79-86.
Bouché, V., Farrell, A., & Wittmer‐Wolfe, D. E. Challenging the Dominant Frame: The Moderating Impact of Exposure and Knowledge on Perceptions of Sex Trafficking Victimization. Social Science Quarterly.
Rothman, E. F., Farrell, A., Bright, K., & Paruk, J. (2018). Ethical and Practical Considerations for Collecting Research-Related Data from Commercially Sexually Exploited Children. Behavioral Medicine, 44(3), 250-258.
Salami, T., Gordon, M., Coverdale, J., & Nguyen, P. T. (2018). What therapies are favored in the treatment of the psychological sequelae of trauma in human trafficking victims?. Journal of Psychiatric Practice®, 24(2), 87-96.
Steiner, J. J., Kynn, J., Stylianou, A. M., & Postmus, J. L. (2018). Providing services to trafficking survivors: Understanding practices across the globe. Journal of evidence-informed social work, 15(2), 151-169.
Corbett, A. (2018). The voices of survivors: An exploration of the contributing factors that assisted with exiting from commercial sexual exploitation in childhood. Children and youth services review, 85, 91-98.
Ijadi-Maghsoodi, R., Bath, E., Cook, M., Textor, L., & Barnert, E. (2018). Commercially sexually exploited youths’ health care experiences, barriers, and recommendations: A qualitative analysis. Child abuse & neglect, 76, 334-341.
Reid, J. A. (2012). Exploratory review of route-specific, gendered, and age-graded dynamics of exploitation: Applying life course theory to victimization in sex trafficking in North America. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 17(3), 257-271.
Shafer, A., & Looney, B. (2018). Victim Profiles: Direct and Indirect Effects of Anecdotes and Responsibility Attribution on Support for Sex Trafficking Victims. Journal of Human Trafficking, 4(1), 21-34.
Middleton, J. S., Gattis, M. N., Frey, L. M., & Roe-Sepowitz, D. (2018). Youth experiences survey (YES): Exploring the scope and complexity of sex trafficking in a sample of youth experiencing homelessness. Journal of Social Service Research, 44(2), 141-157.
Ghafoori, B., & Taylor, R. (2017). Age-Related Differences in Trauma Experiences, Mental-Health Needs, and Mental-Health-Service Use in Victims of Human Trafficking: A Pilot Investigation of Transition-Aged Youth Compared to Older Adults. Journal of Human Trafficking, 3(4), 259-270.
Egyud A, Stephens K, Swanson-Bierman B, DiCuccio M, Whiteman K. (2017) Implementation of Human Trafficking Education and Treatment Algorithm in the Emergency Department. J Emerg Nurs. 2017;43(6):526-531. doi:10.1016/j.jen.2017.01.008
Jones, S., King, J., & Edwards, N. (2018). Human-trafficking prevention is not “sexy”: Impact of the rescue industry on Thailand NGO programs and the need for a human rights approach. Journal of Human Trafficking, 4(3), 231-255.
Countryman-Roswurm, K., & Patton Brackin, B. (2017). Awareness without re-exploitation: Empowering approaches to sharing the message about human trafficking. Journal of Human Trafficking, 3(4), 327-334.
Barron, C. E., Moore, J. L., Baird, G. L., & Goldberg, A. P. (2017). Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking in the Medical Setting: A Survey of the Knowledge, Discomfort, and Training of Pediatric Attending Physicians. Journal of Human Trafficking, 1-12.
Goldberg, A. P., Moore, J. L., Houck, C., Kaplan, D. M., & Barron, C. E. (2017). Domestic minor sex trafficking patients: A retrospective analysis of medical presentation. Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology, 30(1), 109-115.
Cole, J. (2018). Service Providers’ Perspectives on Sex Trafficking of Male Minors: Comparing Background and Trafficking Situations of Male and Female Victims. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 1-11.
Hopper, E. K., Azar, N., Bhattacharyya, S., Malebranche, D. A., & Brennan, K. E. (2018). STARS experiential group intervention: a complex trauma treatment approach for survivors of human trafficking. Journal of evidence-informed social work, 15(2), 215-241.
Zimmerman, C., Michau, L., Hossain, M., Kiss, L., Borland, R., & Watts, C. (2016). Rigged or rigorous? Partnerships for research and evaluation of complex social problems: lessons from the field of violence against women and girls. Journal of public health policy, 37(1),
Fraley, H. E., & Aronowitz, T. (2017). The Peace and Power Conceptual Model: An Assessment Guide for School Nurses Regarding Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children. Nursing science quarterly, 30(4), 317-323.
Barnert, E., Iqbal, Z., Bruce, J., Anoshiravani, A., Kolhatkar, G., & Greenbaum, J. (2017). Commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of children and adolescents: a narrative review. Academic pediatrics, 17(8), 825-829.
Ravi, A., Pfeiffer, M. R., Rosner, Z., & Shea, J. A. (2017). Identifying health experiences of domestically sex-trafficked women in the USA: a qualitative study in Rikers Island jail. Journal of Urban Health, 94(3), 408-416.
Dell, N. A., Maynard, B. R., Born, K. R., Wagner, E., Atkins, B., & House, W. (2017). Helping Survivors of Human Trafficking: A Systematic Review of Exit and Postexit Interventions. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 1524838017692553.
Nguyen, P. T., Lamkin, J., Coverdale, J. H., Scott, S., Li, K., & Gordon, M. R. (2017). Identifying human trafficking victims on a psychiatry inpatient service: a case series. Psychiatric quarterly, 1-8.
Ravi, A., Pfeiffer, M.R., Rosner, Z. et al. (2017). Identifying health experiences of domestically sex-trafficked women in the USA: A qualitative study in Rikers Island Jail. Journal of Urban Health. DOI:10.1007/s11524-016-0128-8
Raney, R. F. (2017). Unseen victims of sex trafficking: While most people think of women and girls as the victims of human trafficking, men and boys are also at risk. American Psychological Association, 48(4).
Maculan, B., Lozzi, E., & Rothman, E. F. (2017). Mixed-gender shelter-based service for child survivors of commercial sexual exploitation (CSEC) in Italy: A case study. Journal of Social Service Research, 43(3).
Contreras, P. M., Kallivayalil, D., & Herman, J. L. (2017). Psychotherapy in the aftermath of human trafficking: Working through the consequences of psychological coercion. Women & Therapy, 40, 1-2, 31-54. doi: 10.1080/02703149.2016.1205908
Nguyen, P. T., Coverdale, J. H., & Gordon, M. R. (2017). Identifying, treating, and advocating for human trafficking victims: A key role for psychiatric inpatient units. General hospital psychiatry, 46, 41.
McAlpine, A., Hossain, M., & Zimmerman, C. (2016). Sex trafficking and sexual exploitation in settings affected by armed conflicts in Africa, Asia and the Middle East: Systematic review. BMC International Health and Human Rights, 16(34). DOI 10.1186/s12914-016-0107-x
Pocock, N., Kiss, L., Oram, S., & Zimmerman, C. (2016). Labour trafficking among men and boys in the Greater Mekong Subregion: Exploitation, violence, occupational health risks and injuries. PLoS ONE, 11(12), e0168500. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0168500
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